Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests

This ecoregion occurs along the eastern rim of Mizoram’s hill ranges, along the Myanmar border. It has montane moist forests with tropical climate and the annual rainfall can exceed 4,000 mm. Summer temperatures average 24ºC, but winter temperature can drop below the freezing point. The vegetation changes from forests with species of Bauhinia, Lagerstroemia, and Ficus trees below 1,000 m to forests with Quercus, Castanopsis, and Schima higher up. Quercus xylocarpa is dominant between 2,400 and 2,750 m, which yields to Rhododendron arboreum and Quercus semecarpifolia further up. At the highest elevations, the forests have a short stature and support a shrubby temperate savanna.

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