We are the


Ecological restoration, defined as a process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed, is now recognised worldwide as an important conservation activity. When done in the right way, ecological restoration aids in biodiversity conservation, climate mitigation, water and food security, and supports human livelihoods and well-being.

We are now in the UN Decade for Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030. India faces great challenges to meet national and international goals for reforestation, even as widespread concerns have arisen over mindless tree planting programmes and large-scale monoculture plantations instead of ecological restoration that is practiced in the right way to bring back biodiverse ecosystems with native species.

At the same time, the country has a number of efforts led by small, independent teams that have amassed a wealth of experience in ecological restoration practice in various ecosystems. Although many of these have been at small scales, they serve as excellent models that can be replicated and applied across India.

While these restoration models have developed and been sharpened over the last two decades or so, there remains a need for platforms to share these experiences, especially to enable more people to learn about and get involved in responsible and appropriate ecological restoration. In this context, the Ecological Restoration Alliance India (ERA India) comprising restoration practitioners and ecologists has come together to foster collective efforts to support and sustain ecological restoration in India.

10 principles for ecological restoration

Each landscape has layers of stories
Envision the landscape with current and future stakeholders
Every area does not need to be restored
Measure the progress against a locally appropriate benchmark
Be faithful to the benchmark, the diversity, and native community
Do not compromise on natural regeneration
Treat ecological restoration like a conversation with the land
Monitor the progress from the start to enhance learnings
Mutually beneficial for communities and restoration sites
Create a culture of sharing
Read the full charter here


The goals of the Alliance are to collate and share knowledge, experience, and case studies of ecological restoration of different natural ecosystems across India. By establishing models and fostering better understanding of ecological restoration, we hope to:
  • Achieve better praxis and protocols of ecological restoration, which continue to be refined with knowledge and experience
  • Increase awareness of the need to protect and restore remaining ecosystems
  • Restore the right kind of ecosystems using the right methods and species
  • Inform and influence policy decisions related to ecological restoration
  • Identify geographical areas and threatened sites that urgently need active ecological restoration
  • Enable individuals and groups to plan and responsibly execute ecological restoration
We will try to achieve these goals by:
  • Conducting periodic events, trainings, and activities on ecological restoration
  • Offering support and resources to others who may be conducting their own events or ecological restoration
  • Developing a knowledge portal containing useful information such as best practices, lists of native species for different biomes, native species nurseries, case studies, and guidelines on ecological restoration. Maintaining databases related to ecological restoration in India


ERA-India aims to:
  • Conduct events, outreach, and training to foster knowledge and practice of ecological restoration
  • Create a searchable directory of native plant nurseries and help connect people to local nurseries
  • Facilitate visits to restoration sites for Alliance partners
  • Organise seminars and meetings to share learnings and praxis related to ecological restoration
  • Create a searchable directory of practitioners, communities and academics who are actively involved in restoration


ERA-India aims to
  • Provide support for other organisations, groups, and individuals in learning to use and adopting available tools for documenting and monitoring ecological restoration projects
  • Assist individuals and groups with how-to and guidelines for establishing native plant nurseries
  • Reach out to various organisations who are doing mass planting and influence them towards better ecological restoration practice
  • Help others in carrying out activities related to ecological restoration such as native plant identification and documentation, invasive species mapping, identification of native ecosystems and benchmark sites
Kaas Plateau by Parabsachin, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Steering Committee

ERA-India partners are a group of organisations and individuals who have directly engaged in fostering the practice of ecological restoration and generating knowledge about ecosystem restoration. ERA-India is not intended to be a formally registered organisation that is associated with any particular organisation or individual. It aims to draw from a pool of people experienced in ecological restoration working in diverse settings across India. A Steering committee consisting of 8-12 such members with experience in and committed to the cause of ecological restoration will govern the Alliance. The Steering Group will collectively spearhead the Alliance activities, website, induction of new partners, functioning, and outreach efforts.
Anita Varghese
Aparna Watve
V Arun
Divya Mudappa
Paul Blanchflower
Pradip Krishen
Rita Banerji
Siddharth Rao
Suprabha Seshan
T R Shankar Raman
Vijay Dhasmana

Project Manager

Arjun Singh



Image Credits

  • Great Hornbills in flight over canopy by Dilan Mandanna
  • D’ering-Dibru Saikhowa Elephant Corridor Project
  • Kaas Plateau by Parabsachin, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
  • Rao Jodha Park at Mehrangarh Fort.