Western Himalayan broadleaf forests

This ecoregion is a narrow band between 1,500 and 2,600 m, starting from the Kali Gandaki River gorge in Central Nepal through northwestern India into Pakistan. An important zone for altitudinal migrants. The ecoregion has two distinct forest types. The evergreen broad-leaved forests are dominated by oaks—Quercus semecarpifolia, Q. dilatata, Q. lamellosa, and Q. incana—that grow on the moister southern slopes, more influenced by the monsoon. The oak forests on drier and higher slopes are mixed with various conifers, such as fir, abies, spruce, cedar, and pines, with a bamboo understory of Arundinaria species. The deciduous broadleaf forests are composed of walnut, Himalayan horse chestnut, alder, maple, Himalayan poplar, Himalayan elm, and Turkish hazel.

Source: Modified from One Earth CC BY-NC