North Deccan dry deciduous forests

The ecoregion represents a narrow band of dry forests in the rain shadow of the Eastern Ghats ranges and surrounded by the Eastern Highlands Moist Deciduous Forests ecoregion. This ecoregion extends across Bihar, Orissa, and Madhya Pradesh, and represents the northern extent of dry deciduous forests in India. The forest types are composed of assemblages dominated by Shorea, Buchanania, Cleistanthus, and Croton, all of them trees that can grow in arid environments. In some areas, the original Sal, or Shorea robusta, has been replaced by another drought-tolerant high-value timber species, teak, Tectona grandis. Patches of cane, Dendrocalamus strictus, grow in small, isolated moister areas.

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